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Sunday, November 22, 2020 | History

1 edition of Genetics of western white pine found in the catalog.

Genetics of western white pine

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Published by U.S. Department of Agriculture in Washington, D.C .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Western white pine,
  • Genetics

  • Edition Notes

    StatementR.T. Bingham, R.J. Hoff, and R.J. Steinhoff
    SeriesForest Service research paper WO -- 12, Forest Service research paper WO -- 12.
    ContributionsHoff, R. J. (Raymond J.), Steinhoff, R. J., United States. Forest Service, Society of American Foresters
    The Physical Object
    Paginationiii, 18 p. :
    Number of Pages18
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL25615732M
    OCLC/WorldCa15200850

    Identification of novel genetic resistance mechanisms in western white pine for the management of white pine-blister rust (Cronartium ribicola). Functional genomics study on the disease resistance gene family of conifer NBS-LRR proteins to understand molecular mechanisms of host defence against pathogen invasion. Root disease of western white pine seedlings occurred at the Coeur d'Alene Nursery in within seedbeds fumigated with methyl bromide and chloropicrin. Although losses were not substantial, there were several groups of dead seedlings within affected seedbeds. Fusarium oxysporum was most often isolated from diseased roots. Other Fusarium species, including F. .


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Genetics of western white pine by Richard T. Bingham Download PDF EPUB FB2

Genetic diversity and structure of western white pine (Pinus monticola) in North America: A baseline study for conservation, restoration, and addressing impacts of climate change Download (PDF; )Cited by: Summarizes the results of 20 years' research on the genetics of Pinus monticola, with particular reference to its palaeobotany, present botanical range, habitat, growth, floral biology, cone- and seed-yielding ability, self-pollination and selective fertilization, capacity for reproduction by rooting and grafting, taxonomy, crossability, hybridization with other species, monoterpene Cited by: 1 Ecological genetics of western white pine (Pinus monticola) from the Lake Tahoe Basin PATRICIA E.

MALONEY 1, DETLEV R. VOGLER2, ANDREW J. ECKERT3, CAMILLE E. JENSEN1, ANNETTE DELFINO MIX 2, AND DAVID B. NEALE4 1 Department of Plant Pathology and Tahoe Environmental Research Center, University of California, Davis, California. Genetics Western white pine is different in genetic variation from most of other conifers.

There is little geographical or ecological variation in western white pine populations. Work on blister rust indicated considerable heritability of resistance. Notes. Throughout much of the range of western white pine, Pinus monticola Dougl., timber harvesting, fire exclusion and the presence of Cronartium ribicola J.

Fisch., the white pine blister rust (WPBR) pathogen, have led to negative population and genetic consequences. To address these interactions, we examined population dynamics and genetic diversity in 10 populations of Cited by: 1.

Ten clones of western white pine differed in their susceptibility to white pine needle blight. Two clones were significantly less infected than the average and two clones were significantly more infected than the average. This variability suggests a. Variety is the Spice of Life. As a way to begin to understand western.

white pine more deeply and perhaps to inform “smart restoration” of the species in an era of climate change, researchers at the U.S. Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station (RMRS) started with the fundamental building block of genetics–: Sarah Genetics of western white pine book, Ned Klopfenstein, Bryce Richardson, Marcus Warwell, Mee-Sook Kim.

DISEASES OF WESTERN WHITE PINE OTHER THAN BLISTER RUST 1./ by R. James, Plant Pathologist Cooperative Forestry and Pest Management USDA Forest Service, Northern Region Missoula, Montana Western white pine (Pinus monitcola Dougl.) is a valuable, fast-growing coniferous species of the Pacific Northwest.

It reaches its greatest. Western white pine (Pinus monticola) is a large tree, regularly growing to 30–50 metres (98– ft) and exceptionally up to 70 metres ( ft) is a member of the white pine group, Pinus subgenus Strobus, and like all members of that group, the leaves ('needles') are in fascicles (bundles) of five, with a deciduous sheath.

The needles are finely serrated, and 5–13 cm (2–5 Clade: Tracheophytes. Needles: Western White Pine has 5 needles per bundle.

In northwest Oregon and western Washington, you can identify it by counting the needles and noting the elevation. Whitebark Pine also has 5 needles per bundle, but usually grows at higher elevations near the timberline. Cones: Western White Pine cones are usually 7 or 8 inches long with a distinctive curve like a banana.

The goal of the western white pine breeding program is to provide disease-resistant material for operational deployment. Close to one million seedlings are planted annually, all of which come from seed produced in seed orchards.

The breeding program is split into two zones: one that services the west coast and one that services the interior of British Columbia east of the. western white pine is a feasible option for genetic improvement of this valuable conifer as well as for investigating its molecular interactions with the fungal pathogen Cronartium ribicola (J.C.

Fisch.). _____ Keywords: genetic transformation, reporter gene, western white pine, zygotic embryo INTRODUCTION. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Bingham, Richard T. Genetics of western white pine. [Washington]: U.S.

Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, []. White Pine is good history written in a refreshing, breezy style, surprising, illuminating and informed. -James L. Nelson, Author of Benedict Arnold’s Navy Award-winning author Andrew Vietze’s White Pine is a gripping ride through a history of exploitation, power, and oppression rife with monarchies and massacres, diseases and deceits /5(8).

The most similar known gene is in P. monticola (Western white pine), a TIR-NBS-LRR protein (GI). The closest well-annotated gene appears to be the disease resistance protein RGA2 in the grass Aegilops tauschii Coss.

(GI).Cited by: Western white pine has always been a 6 Western white pine is also used for softwood furniture, much of it colonial period reproductions. About one-third of the annual production goes to cut-up plants for remanufacture.

Some com mon grade lumber is used in the fabri - cation of laminated roof decking. Plywood, too, is made from western white pine. Western white pine is different in genetic variation from most other conifers that have been intensively studied (26).

Within northern Idaho, western white pine genetic variation is high, and most of this variation is among trees within a stand.

A major gene for resistance to white pine blister rust in western white pine from the western Cascade Range. Phytopathology Crossref, Medline, ISI, Google Scholar. Kumar S, Tamura K, Nei M. Cited by: Because western white pine is economically valuable and plays a critical ecological role in many forest ecosystems, genetic studies have been devoted to restoring western white pine.

Western white pine Pinus monticola Dougl. ex D. Don Distribution and Protected Areas – from Hamann Conservation Status Summary – from Krakowski et.

“In situ conservation of western white pine requires ground-truthing due to the difficulty in mapping this sporadically distributed species and likelihood of mortality due to blister rust in [ ]. Western white pine (WWP, Pinus monticola Douglas ex D.

Don) is of high interest in forest breeding and conservation because of its high susceptibility to the invasive disease white pine blister rust (WPBR, caused by the fungus Cronartium ribicola J. Fisch). However, WWP lacks genomic resource development and is evolutionarily far away from Cited by: In Idaho, western white pine (Pinus monticola) occurs almost exclusively in the Northern Rockies about 50 years ago, it was the most abundant forest type in that region.

Prior to European settlement, the landscape pattern consisted of large mosaics of many thousands of acres, major portions of which were of a similar age class, a legacy of mixed-severity and.

Returning sugar pine and western white pine to the Pacific Northwest forests – A collective effort (Angelia Kegley) Ecology and evolution of a tree species challenged by dual threats (Jeremy Johnson) Finding and using genetic resistance to white pine blister rust in Alberta populations of limber pine (Pinus flexilis) (Richard Sniezko).

Since the introduction prior to of white pine blister rust (Cronartium ribicola) into the forests of western North America, many populations of native white pine species have seriously e western white pine (Pinus monticola) and sugar pine (P.

lambertiana) are highly valued timber species, their silviculture under intensive management is well‐ by: Distribution: Western White Pine is native to southern British Columbia, western Washington, northern Idaho, western Montana, the Cascade Mountains of Oregon and the Sierras of California.

Growth: They are fast growing when young and may grow 1½-2 feet (cm) in a year. In cultivation, they sometimes reach feet (40m). The largest, growing in Oregon. Genetic variation in susceptibility of western white pine to needle blight.

Ogden, Utah: Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, (OCoLC) 35 days, for western red cedar 55 days, and for western white pine no genetic differentiation was found in 80 days of frost free period. Since geographic-genetic variation is a continuous variable, a mathematical model is an effective method to evaluate risks when transferring seed.

For many species. Characterization of the western white pine TIR-NBS-LRR (PmTNL2) gene by transcript profiling and promoter analysis. Liu JJ(1), Xiang Y(2). Author information: (1)a Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada, West Burnside Road, Victoria, BC V8Z 1M5, : Jun-Jun Liu, Yu Xiang.

RNA-seq analysis using Illumia HiSeq platforms has been applied to the development of genomic resources and molecular tools for breeding programs of western white pine and limber pine. metric differences among ten geographical populations of Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus L.) involves two data sets.

The first data set contains mor- phological characteristics of Eastern White Pine cones, and the second, genetic information on 18 loci for each of trees from which the cones were harvested.

The USFS and MT DNRC plant rust-resistant seedlings and implement forest practices to retain healthy individuals. Planted seedlings are about 66% resistant to the rust. While the trend in the number of western white pine trees is improving, it may still be at levels insufficient to maintain a long-term genetic viability across its range.

Whitebark pine Pinus albicaulis Engelm. Introduction Whitebark pine is a medium-sized tree growing in the high mountains. It grows scattered but becomes increasingly abundant towards the south of its range.

It is confined to dry, exposed sites at timberline. In British Columbia, it usually grows in even-aged, pure or mixed-species stands. With increasing elevation, the [ ].

The western white pine seedlots include 9 open-pollinated families and 10 control-pollinated families. Impacts The identification of western white pine families that are resistant to blister rust and white pine weevil is a first step toward creating resistant eastern x western white pine hybrids.

Publications. Carter, K.K. Read "Genetic diversity and structure of western white pine (Pinus monticola) in North America: a baseline study for conservation, restoration, and addressing impacts of climate change, Tree Genetics & Genomes" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.

Pinus albicaulis, known by the common names whitebark pine, white pine, pitch pine, scrub pine, and creeping pine, is a conifer tree native to the mountains of the western United States and Canada, specifically subalpine areas of the Sierra Nevada, Cascade Range, Pacific Coast Ranges, and Rocky Mountains from Wyoming northwards.

It shares the common name "creeping pine Family: Pinaceae. Progress 10/01/01 to 09/30/02 Outputs During the last year IETIC members have been discussing opportunities to use genetic material from the program to establish additional western larch, ponderosa pine and western white pine seed orchards.

In addition, members have been discussing and evaluating the management of existing seed orchards in an. genes in western white pine (14). In this study, a targeted PCR approach was used to clone RGA sequences of the CC-NBS-LRR subfamily in western white pine.

To map RGAs, the genetic linkage of RGAs with the R gene (Cr2) for WPBR was explored. MATERIALS AND METHODS Plant materials. Pinus monticola (D. Don.) seed lots #   The primary focus of the Center is white pine blister rust (scientific name Cronartium ribicola).

This pathogen is an invasive fungus that attacks five-needle pines, often with deadly results. In the Pacific Northwest, these pines include western white pine (Pinus monticola), sugar pine (Pinus lambertiana), and whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis.

Monitoring of lister Rust Resistance, Pathogen Virulence and Genetic Adaptability of Western White Pine at Six Sites in Western Washington. Submitted to Genetics of five-needle pines and rusts in mountain landscapes – onservation, utilization and evolution in a changing climate; Fort ollins, O, USA; June mercial species, sugar pine (Pinus lambertiana Dougl.) and western white pine (Pinus monticola Dougl.; Kinloch ).

Until recently, lack of marker loci has impeded study of the genetic structure of C. ribicola. Hamelin et al. () used random. Analyses of molecular and quantitative genetic data demonstrate the existence of congruent climate‐related patterns in western white pine (Pinus monticola).

Two independent studies allowed comparisons of amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers with quantitative variation in adaptive traits. Principal component analyses were conducted on seedling traits in Cited by:   Analysis of megagametophytic and embryonic allozyme variants in nine enzymatic systems encoded by 14 loci was conducted on 30 western white pine (Pinus monticola Dougl.) trees from a natural stand Cited by: The proportion of western white pine (Pinus monticola) trees from 12 families with stem symptoms over time in one field trial in western Oregon.

Family 4 is a susceptible control, Families 11 & 12 have major gene resistance, but a virulent race of white pine .